Friendly URLs in Razor Pages

May 28, 2017     Viewed 1196 times    0 Comments
Posted in #Razor Pages  #Friendly URLs 

Websites often need to generate SEO friendly URLs. In Razor Pages the URL is tied to a physical .cshtml file. This default mapping between the URL and physical file makes it difficult for Razor Pages websites to generate SEO friendly URLs.

Last few days the ASP.NET team add a small & great feature to create friendly URLs in Razor Pages. In this short blog post I will show you how to configure the routes in the Razor Pages to create friendly URLs.

Razor Pages out-of-the-box let use access your pages from their locations, So the URLs http://{your-domain}/Post/Index and http://{your-domain}/Post will be mapped to the file /Pages/Post/Index.cshtml. (Index file name is optional).

But what if we need URLs like this http://{your-domain}/Post/2017/5/29?!! You can decorate your razor page using @page "{year}/{month}/{day}" to make this happen :)

As we have seen Razor Pages is already give us the controller to generate a simple & clean URLs, nothing but there are some case may you need much more than that.

Assume our previous file name located in /Pages/Post/Archive.cshtml and we wanna apply the same route http://{your-domain}/Post/2017/5/29, here where the previous bits was limited, but not anymore :)

Now you easily achieve that with the new extension method named AddPageRoute as the following:

services.AddMvc()
    .AddRazorPagesOptions(options =>
    {
        options.RootDirectory = "/Pages";
        options.AddPageRoute("/Post/Archive.cshtml", "Post/{year}/{month}/{day}");
    });

Also you can used an optional parameter if you do so

options.AddPageRoute("/Categories/Laptops.cshtml", "Laptops/{id?}");

The extension is not complicated as we think, basically it provides a simple runtime configuration of routes.

public static RazorPagesOptions AddPageRoute(this RazorPagesOptions options, string pageName, string route)
{
    if (options == null)
    {
        throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(options));
    }

    if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(pageName))
    {
        throw new ArgumentException(nameof(pageName));
    }

    if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(route))
    {
        throw new ArgumentException(nameof(route));
    }

    options.Conventions.Add(new PageConvention(pageName, model =>
    {
        foreach (var selector in model.Selectors)
        {
            selector.AttributeRouteModel.SuppressLinkGeneration = true;
        }

        model.Selectors.Add(new SelectorModel
        {
            AttributeRouteModel = new AttributeRouteModel
            {
                Template = route,
            }
        });
    }));

    return options;
}

Now you can create your friendly URLs easily in the Razor Pages :)

Happy Coding ..

Hint: The thing I notice in the new API other than routing in ASP.NET Webforms or MVC is inverting the order of parameters, in other words the route appear before the physical page, which is may confusing little bit.

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